Zamyatina Irina Viktorovna, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, sub-department of Russian language and Russian language teaching technique at primary school, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Syzranova Galina Yur'evna, Associate professor, sub-department of Russian language and literature, Togliatti State University (14 Belorusskaya street, Togliatti, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Substantivized participles generate the discussions connected with their grammatical status and semantic structure. The purpose of the work is to detect the specificity of the number semantics and realization of semantic components of a full form in a position of a syntactic actant.
Materials and methods. Modern dictionaries and data from the National Framework of the Russian Language served as the research material. The main research methods are the supervision and the analysis.
Results. The authors revealed the specificity of using plural substantivized participles with an undistinguished gender accessory of the initial form that is qualified as a “collective” seme. Isolated cases of full substantivization of participle forms are associated by the authors with a complete loss of verbal semantics, and many cases of using participles in the position of a syntactic actant are evidences of the ability of these language units to incarnate the universal semantic nature, which includes both verbal and nominal (adjective and substantive) meanings.
Conclusions. Full forms, taking positions of syntactic actants, realize a substantivized component of the semantic nature, without going beyond the verbal word.
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